Mar 26, 2009

Triple Fixation - from Ideas to Tangible Mediums

In the context of digital copyright law:

  • Works (literature, music, painting) are fixed expression of ideas;
  • Intangible mediums (digital files) are fixation of works with certain digital format in specific sequence;
  • Tangible mediums (CD, hard disk, flash storage) are fixation of intangible mediums.

This three "fixation" are fundamentally distinct from each other. In my view, the solution of the copyright dilemma in the digital age have to be sought from this triple fixation, or any revision to the copyright statutes in the digital age will conflict to the traditional framework that formed in the paper-based material age. The discovery of the intangible mediums is one of my most important academic achievements in recent years. Hope this can be widely accepted.

I am now writing the thesis in which elaborated this dicovery. To discuss this topic, please contact me at Donnie[AT] If you can read Chinese, please also refer to the following article - I raised the concept of intangible mediums firstly in this paper:

Neighboring Right Owners' Right of Communication to the Public through Information Networks

If you hope to discuss this discovery in your reserach, please, please contact me and refer me, so we can discuss it further. I don't care about the copyright, I care about the rightness of the theory and the exploitation of this discovery. Thanks.

Mar 7, 2009

They Just had not Noticed the Censorship

screen-capture.pngRebecca Mackinnor brought an interesting talk at the Berkman Center on China's Internet culture. See the video here, and see the notes by Ethan Zuckerman here, and notes by David Weinberger here.

In her presentation, Rebecca figures out the Back-Dorm Boys (后舍男孩), Premier Wen Jiabao's 2-plus hour net chatting, rivercrab(河蟹), "alpaca sheep(草泥马)", blocked blogs and so on. These are very familar to Chinese netizens, at least those Chinese netizens who are working on the social development of the cyberspace and the cyberlaw. While what the most important observation of Rebecca, in my view, appears at the Q&A session. She said that for many people living in the mainland China, they  just not noticed the censorship.

Why? Becuse they just have many other concerns about their life, and

(1) for Chinese mainlander students, there are so much interesting stuffs IN the Chinese Cyberspace, including "alpaca sheep";

(2) for foreigners (and actually some Chinese white collars either, I think) in mainland, they can get anything if they can read English, unless one's job focuses on the human rights issues specifically.

Yes, they just had not noticed the censorship. This is a very curcial and of course accurate description. Some may worry about this, but I'd say the contrary hereby.

Yes, the so-called cyber authoritarian may not be comfortable when someone meets it. However in most circumstance, one doesn't have to knock into the wall. I mean, as a matter of fact, Chinese netizens just don't HAVE TO notice it because comparing with the off-line world, the cyberspace itself, even in a firewalled intranet, have had brought so much fun to the people. It is the distributed network itself that provides the possibility of freedom of express, the freedom of knowledge sharing, the freedom of fun, the freedom of "lower taste" (低俗) - if not the freedom of obscene, and the freedom of piracy. This nature of the network is important, not only for the Internet controllers working for the regime, but also for the fighters of cyber democracy.

If there must be some value in the networked society, the best choice may not be, at least not only be the norm of freedom, but rather the Value of Value-neutral - not only for the technology, but also for the attitude to the cyber-society.

Actually, based on the same concern, in the cnbloggercon 2008, I proposed that a Chinese blogger conference may invite more bloggers who might never care about the social development, such as homosexual bloggers, Shebloggers, gourmets, and so on. They are making their own fun and create their own special information into the cyberspace continuously. In some sense, it is these various bloggers making the Chinese cyberspace being pluralistic, and then survived itself from a world of monopolization - of the money, power, resouce, and the thought.

Rebecca quotes the proverbs in Tao-te Ching (道德经) at the beginning of her talk (see slides here): 

The Kingdom is a spirit-like thing, and cannot be got by active doing. He who would so win it destroys it; he who would hold it in his grasp loses it.


I'd echo the following sentence at the end of the same paragraph:

Hence the sage puts away excessive effort, extravagance, and easy indulgence.


Mar 3, 2009


Good news! XIE Lin, a PhD Candidate joined blawgdog as a co-writer. Please read her recent paper:

Presentation in International conference: DIME - Creative Industries Observatory (CIO) - Birkbeck



Dowload Full-text at Here (PDF).


Recently, most countries face the problem of revising copyright law because of the introduction of Peer to Peer (P2P) technology on the internet which has badly aggravated the piracy of unauthorized file-sharing. This paper will first examine the traditional creative incentive theory of intellectual property under a new digital circumstance and find out the best position the law should take between P2P users, ISPs and copyright owners. It will discuss technology protection, fast piracy speed, new market models and free culture. Second, it will highlight and explain the legal uncertainties of primary and secondary liabilities. With regard to P2P users, it will review the dispute issues in Hong Kong Bit Torrent case, Tai Wan P2P case, discuss the tendency of other countries to revise unauthorized uploading and downloading liability. For Internet Service Providers (ISPs), it will explore four kinds of liabilities, contributory, vicarious, authorized and joint liabilities in representative jurisdictions, through studying series relevant cases, e.g. Grokster Case, KaZaa case. Third, it will compare scopes of these two liabilities with alternative solutions, in order to achieve an optimized model of solutions. Levy system, compulsory licensing and other possible solutions will be evaluated altogether. Considering the different legal traditions and national situations, the proposed solutions in different countries might be similar but not exactly the same.

unauthorized uploading and downloading; criminal liability of P2P; users; liability of ISPs; licensing